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REPORTS
Title : NGA/CSC School Choice Project Formative Evaluation - PDF
Author(s): Scott Joftus and Eleanor Johnson
Description: Cross & Joftus conducted a formative evaluation of the National Governors Association and the University of Minnesota’s Center for School Change’s School Choice project.

Title : NGA Honor States Phase II Formative Evaluation - PDF
Author(s): Scott Joftus and Eleanor Johnson
Description: Cross & Joftus conducted a formative process evaluation of the National Governors Association Honor States Phase II grant program.

Title : Findings of Citizen Task Force on Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools (CMS) - PDF
Author(s): Scott Joftus and Others
Description: Cross & Joftus and American Institutes for Research were retained by the CMS Citizen Task Force to conduct a study, engage the community, assist the Task Force members in developing recommendations, and report findings and recommendations to the community at large.

Title : High School in Colorado: A History of Efforts and Lessons for the Future - PDF
Author(s): Heather Padgette
Description: On behalf of the Colorado Children’s Campaign, Cross & Joftus both documented the many, mostly unfruitful, attempts to increase student achievement and high school graduation rates in Colorado and outlined lessons that can be applied to future efforts.

Title : Philadelphia Education Advisory Task Force (EATF) Executive Summary - PDF
Author(s): Scott Joftus and Others
Description: This report includes Cross & Joftus’ analysis of governance and management systems of the School District of Philadelphia and recommendations for improvement.

Title : How the Federal Government Shapes and Distorts the Financing of K-12 Schools - PDF
Author(s): Christopher Cross and Marguerite Roza
Description: Christopher Cross and Marguerite Roza examined the categorical program strategy by which the federal government and most states try to target extra funds for particular purposes. They showed that funding programs based on good motives can nonetheless make it more, not less, difficult, for teachers and principals to adapt to the needs of their most challenging students.

Title : Using Expanded Learning to Support School Reforms: Funding Sources and Strategies - PDF
Author(s): Sharon Deich
Description: This paper builds on several research projects conducted by Cross & Joftus over the past 1½ years on the financing and design of programs that expand time and learning opportunities to support education reforms.

Title : Dollars and Sense: A First Look at Financing A New Day For Learning - PDF
Author(s): Sharon Deich with Heather Padgette
Description: This Cross & Joftus publication focuses on how communities can organize resources to support expanded learning.

Title : Funding Summer Learning Programs: A Scan of Public Funding in Maryland - PDF
Author(s): H. Clapp Padgette and S. Deich
Description: This report includes findings from a Cross & Joftus and Center for Summer Learning analysis of data in four local jurisdictions in Maryland regarding public investments in summer programs.

Title : Strengthening Partnerships and Building Public Will for Out-of-School Time Programs - PDF
Author(s): Heather Clapp Padgett, Sharon Deich, Lane Russell
Description: This example-filled guide by the National League of Cities, created with Wallace Foundation support, describes three strategies municipal leaders have used successfully to advance after-school programming: involving many organizations and agencies in the OST effort; keeping after-school on the public agenda; and heading the development of shared vision for after-school and other out-of-school time opportunities.

Title : Promoting a Comprehensive Approach to Educational Opportunity: A Pilot Inventory of Education-Related Federal Programs for Children and Youth - PDF
Author(s): Bella Rosenberg with Christopher T. Cross, Sharon G. Deich, and Amy R. Cox
Description: With the support of the C.S. Mott Foundation, C&J presents the rationale for adopting a more comprehensive approach to education reform, the role an inventory of federal programs can play in this effort, and the findings from a pilot inventory of education-related federal programs for children and youth.

Title : Investments in Summer Learning Programs: A Scan of Resources for Summer Programming in California, 2008 (Executive Summary) - PDF
Author(s): Sharon Deich
Description: Cross & Joftus and the National Summer Learning Association authored a scan of summer programming resources available to school-age, lower-income children in five California cities.

Title : Investments in Summer Learning Programs: A Scan of Resources for Summer Programming in California, 2008 (Full Report) - PDF
Author(s): Sharon Deich
Description: Cross & Joftus and the National Summer Learning Association authored a scan of summer programming resources available to school-age, lower-income children in five California cities.

Title : Investments in Summer Learning Programs: A Scan of Resources for Summer Programming in Indianapolis and Marion County, 2008 (Executive Summary) - PDF
Author(s): Sharon Deich and Heather Padgette
Description: Cross & Joftus and the National Summer Learning Association authored a scan of summer programming resources available to school-age, lower-income children in Indianapolis and Marion County, Indiana.

Title : Investments in Summer Learning Programs: A Scan of Resources for Summer Programming in Indianapolis and Marion County, 2008 (Full Report) - PDF
Author(s): Sharon Deich and Heather Padgette
Description: Cross & Joftus and the National Summer Learning Association authored a scan of summer programming resources available to school-age, lower-income children in Indianapolis and Marion County, Indiana.

Title : A New Vision for Summer School - PDF
Author(s): Jeff Smink and Sharon Deich
Description: The National Summer Learning Association aims to create a vision for summer school that better engages students and teachers, and positions summer programs as an essential component of comprehensive school reform strategies. This report discusses the rationale for summer school and provides policy recommendations for implementing new summer school strategies.

BOOKS
Title : Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education
Author(s): Christopher Cross (co-editor)
Description: Special education and gifted and talented programs were designed for children whose educational needs are not well met in regular classrooms. From their inceptions, these programs have had disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic minority students. This book, co-edited by Chris Cross, considers possible contributors to this disparity, including early biological and environmental influences and inequities in opportunities for preschool and K-12 education, as well as the possibilities of bias in the referral and assessment system that leads to placement in special programs. Click here to purchase the book at www.nap.edu.

Title : Political Education: National Policy Comes of Age
Author(s): Christopher Cross
Description: This book by Christopher Cross is the only book to cover public K-12 education policy in the modern era. This book looks at the major organizations, interest groups, and policy-makers who influenced federal policy. Click here to purchase the book at www.tcpress.com.

Title : Mathematics Learning in Early Childhood
Author(s): Christopher Cross, Taniesha A. Woods, and Heidi Schweingruber, Editors
Description: To ensure that all children enter elementary school with the foundation they need for success, a major national initiative is needed to improve early childhood mathematics education, says a new report from the National Research Council. Opportunities for preschoolers to learn mathematics are currently inadequate, particularly for those in low-income groups, says the report, which is intended to inform the efforts of Head Start, state-funded preschool programs, curriculum developers, and teachers. Click here to purchase the book at www.nap.edu.

OP-EDs
Title : A New Philadelphia Story - PDF
Author(s): Scott Joftus
Description: Published in the American Association of School Administrator’s magazine, this editorial written by Scott Joftus portrays Philadelphia’s unique school governance structure as a possible model for other cities and states hoping to turn around troubled districts.

Title : Crowding the Trough - PDF
Author(s): Christopher Cross
Description: Published in the Baltimore Sun, this op-ed written by Christopher Cross discusses the consequences of pork barrel spending in federal educational funding.

PAPERS
Title : Creating a Portfolio of Great High Schools - PDF
Author(s): Scott Joftus
Description: On behalf of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Cross & Joftus wrote a paper outlining the common elements found in all effective high schools, however different they may be in approach, structure, and community served.

Title : Some of the Nation’s Leading Rabble Rousers! Best Practices & Lessons Learned by Civic Organizations Working to Impact Educational Reform - PDF
Author(s): Christopher Cross and Suzanne Tacheny
Description: On behalf of the Joyce Foundation, Cross & Joftus prepared this benchmarking study to learn from organizations influencing education policymaking via civic engagement.

Title : High Schools for the New Millennium: Imagine the Possibilities - PDF
Author(s): Scott Joftus
Description: Written for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation,this paper advocates for the transformation of large comprehensive high schools into smaller, more effective learning communities.

Title : Higher Education Reform: Incorporating the Needs of Foster Youth - PDF
Author(s): Scott Joftus
Description: Written on behalf of Casey Family Programs, this paper recommends changes to the Higher Education Act to expand foster youth’s access to financial aid and provide them with high-quality support services.

ARTICLE
Title : Reallocating Resources to Support School Improvement - PDF
Author(s): Sharon Deich
Description: In an article published by The Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement, Sharon Deich discusses how school districts are adopting a more strategic approach to reallocating resources, one that more closely aligns annual plans and student performance goals with budgets.

VIDEOS
Title : More Than A Number: Education Information Systems in California - Video
Author(s): Scott Joftus and Marc Lesser
Description: Written and produced for the California Student Success Project, this video discusses the important role that local and state-wide education information systems play in assessing student needs and understanding. Interviews with California Superintendent Jack O'Connell and several educators from the Garden Grove Unified School District exhibit how the use of data in making instructional decisions can lead to great advances in student achievement.